Verbringen Sie die Ferien im Hotel Voyage Sorgun in der sonnigen Türkei und buchen Sie Ihren Badeurlaub bei Neckermann Reisen!. Das Voyage Belek ist ein 5-Sterne-All-inclusive-Resort mit einem eigenen Strand am Mittelmeer. Das Voyage Sorgun ist das Hotel Ihrer Wahl. Es befindet sich in einer wunderschönen Lage in Türkei und bietet Ihnen den Komfort, den Sie sich wünschen.
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Reviewed 1 week ago via mobile Another fantastic holiday at Voyage Belek. Reviewed 2 weeks ago via mobile Awesome ozen.
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Previous Next 1 2 3 4 5 6 … Next generation rooms offering coded … More fitting room that can only be controlled by you, special air- conditioning system at a la carte restaurants, beverage concept enrichened with premium brands, increased number of concept bars, Cuisine 24 which is an a la carte restaurant offering 24 hours, free lounge which is a recreation area offering Voyage comfort until check-out, mini club with a brand-new adventure area offering limitless entertainment for little guests… Just some of the novelties to be offered by Voyage Belek in summer Hotel class Star ratings indicate the general level of features and amenities to expect.
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See all questions. Tui are offering a family of 4 the double rooms as holding people. Are these rooms big enough. Cannot afford to upgrade to bigger room.
Response from Inci L Property representative. Our Standard rooms can be a bit small for a family of 4, but there are many families who books a one bedroom room and have no problem with it Our Standard rooms can be a bit small for a family of 4, but there are many families who books a one bedroom room and have no problem with it.
But this totally depends on your preferences. I can recommend you to book a family room, if you are seeking a privacy and a space in the room.
Thinking of booking for May are a-la-carte restruants inclusive or chargeable. Response from sunnyday Reviewed this property.
When we went last year there was a supplement for the steak restaurant and also the Italian restaurant. Last year the Turkish, Chinese, Mexican and Greek were all included but had to book in morning.
The main buffet restaurant is really good as well. There are, for example, some 10, plant species in the country compared with some 13, in all of Europe — one in three of which is endemic to Turkey.
Indeed, there are more species in Istanbul Province 2, than in the whole of the United Kingdom. Turkey possesses much forest about a quarter of the land but, as importantly, some half of the country is semi-natural landscape that has not been entirely remodelled by man.
Influences from the Caucasus add to the mix in the northeast part of the country. It can be simply put that Turkey is the most oriental of western nations, or, depending on the point of view, the most occidental of eastern nations.
Perhaps one thing common to all of the country is Islam , the faith of the bulk of the population. However, interpretation of it varies vastly across the country: The rest of the country falls somewhere in between, with the coastal regions being relatively liberal while inland regions are relatively conservative as a general rule.
Other religious minorities—the Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Jews, Syriac Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholics, the latter of whom mainly settled in Turkey within the last years from Western European countries—once numerous across the country, are now mostly confined to the large cities of Istanbul and Izmir , or parts of Southeastern Anatolia in the case of the Syriac Oriental Orthodox.
Despite its large Muslim majority population, Turkey officially remains a secular country, with no declared state religion. The savvy traveller should remember that when travelling into, in or around Turkey there are several holidays to keep in mind as they can cause delays in travel, traffic congestion, booked up accommodations and crowded venues.
Banks, offices and businesses are closed during official holidays and traffic intensifies during all of the following holidays so do your research before you visit.
Do not be put off by these holidays, it is not that difficult and often quite interesting to travel during Turkish holidays, simply plan ahead as much as possible.
Ramadan is the 9th and holiest month in the Islamic calendar and lasts 29—30 days. Muslims fast every day for its duration and most restaurants will be closed until the fast breaks at dusk.
Nothing including water and cigarettes is supposed to pass through the lips from dawn to sunset. Non-Muslims are exempt from this, but should still refrain from eating or drinking in public as this is considered very impolite.
Working hours are decreased as well in the corporate world. Exact dates of Ramadan depend on local astronomical observations and may vary somewhat from country to country.
Ramadan concludes with the festival of Eid al-Fitr , which may last several days, usually three in most countries.
Ramadan Ramazan in Turkish is a month long time of fasting, prayer and celebration during which pious Muslims neither drink nor eat anything, even water, from sun up to sun down.
Businesses, banks and official places are not closed during this time. In some parts of Turkey, such as most of inland and eastern locations as locals are more conservative than people in the rest of the country, it is considered to be bad taste to eat snacks or drink sodas in front of locals in public places or transport—to be completely on the safe side, watch how local folk act—but restaurants are usually open and it is no problem to eat in them as usual, though some restaurant owners use it as an opportunity for a much-needed vacation or renovation and shut their business completely for 30 days.
However, you will unlikely see any closed establishment in big cities, central parts of the cities, and touristy towns of western and southern Turkey.
At sunset, call for prayer and a cannon boom, fasting observers immediately sit down for iftar , their first meal of the day.
Banks, businesses and official places are NOT closed during this time. During Ramadan , many city councils set up tent-like structures in the major squares of the cities that are especially aimed and served for the needy, for those in poverty or who are elderly or handicapped, and are also served for passers by, with warm meals during the sunset iftar , free of charge much like soup kitchens, instead serving full meals.
Iftar is a form of charity that is very rewarding especially when feeding someone who is needy. It was first practised by the Prophet Muhammad during the advent of Islam, for that purpose.
Travellers are welcome to join, but do not take advantage of it during the entire fasting period, just because it is free of charge.
It lasts for several days and is a public holiday in Turkey. Almost everything will be closed during that time many restaurants, cafes, bars and some small shops will be open however.
Kurban Bayrami is also the time of the annual pilgrimage Hajj to Mecca , so both domestic and international travel is intense in Turkey at this time.
If you are in smaller towns or villages you may even observe an animal, usually a goat but sometimes a cow, being slaughtered in a public place.
In recent years the Turkish government has cracked down on these unofficial slaughterings so it is not as common as it once was. The dates of these religious festivals change according to the Muslim lunar calendar and thus occur days the exact difference between Gregorian and Lunar calendars is 10 days and 21 hr earlier each year.
This depends on the place and time. For some years, it was all free in both holidays, while in some others there was no discount at all.
Aegean and Mediterranean coastal areas enjoy the typical Mediterranean climate. There is hardly a drop of rain during the sunny and hot summer May to October.
Winters are mild and rainy in these regions, and it very rarely snows at coastal areas, with the exception of mountainous areas higher than metres of these regions, which are very snowy and are frequently not passable.
The region around the Sea of Marmara , including Istanbul , has a transitional climate between an oceanic climate and a semi-Mediterranean climate, but it does rain, albeit not a lot, during the very warm summer as showers which tend to last for minutes.
Its winters are colder than those of the western and southern coasts. The Black Sea region has an oceanic climate thanks to the protective shield effect of Caucasus mountains with the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year.
The eastern part of that coast averages 2,mm annually which is the highest precipitation in the country. Summers are warm and humid while the winters are cool and damp.
Most of the coastal areas have a high level of relative humidity during most of the year which makes hot weather feel hotter and cold weather feel colder than it actually is.
Interior areas like Ankara , generally have hot summers though the nights are cool enough to make someone who is wearing only a thin t-shirt uncomfortable outdoors and cold and snowy winters.
The more easterly the location is, the colder the winters are and the heavier the snow is. The northeastern part around Erzurum and Kars is the only inland area which has cool and rainy summers.
Snowfall is occasional in winter. Turkey is one of only three Middle Eastern countries that accept Israeli citizens in their country.
Entry into Turkey will not be a problem for Israeli passport holders. Citizens of the countries listed below can enter Turkey visa-free for 90 days unless otherwise stated: Citizens of the following countries can get a tourist visa online.
Some carriers have earlier refused passengers without the e-Visa Pegasus, Italy, June Valid for three months: Valid for one month: No Scottish or Northern Irish notes and no other values of notes, i.
More information can be found at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. This has excellent global connections, as the flag-carrier Turkish Airlines is vying with the Gulf carriers to capture traffic between Europe and the Middle- and Far-East.
Reach the city by metro. This airport will close in March There are shuttle buses to the airport from Taksim square.
Beach resorts such as Antalya , Bodrum and Dalaman have direct package-tour flights from Europe: There are occasional summer international flights direct to other Turkish cities such as Ankara , Adana and Izmir.
But normally, reaching these means changing planes in Istanbul and clearing immigration, security and customs there. You need to allow the best part of two hours for this.
Ask at your departure airport whether your bags are being checked through to your destination, or whether you need to pick them up in Istanbul. A sleeper train departs Sofia around The westbound service starts as a bus from Istanbul at Trains from further west i.
The standard of accommodation aboard is similar to the Turkish domestic slow trains. The Budapest-Belgrade line is disrupted throughout for engineering works.
The accident was caused by heavy rain undermining the track. The damage was quickly repaired and trains resumed running as normal. The historic Orient Express took the Bucharest route but no longer exists.
Its name lives on in a restaurant at Sirkeci, and in a once-a-year luxurious and very expensive tourist train. The start date and timetable for passenger trains has not yet been announced.
Trains to Iran resumed in June , but the "Trans-Asia" through-service to Tehran has not restarted. From Istanbul you need to travel to Ankara, then take the twice-a-week train to Tatvan, cross the lake to Van, then pick up the once-a-week train to Tabriz; thence to Tehran.
There are no cross-border trains to any other country. For Greece, travel to Sofia then change for Thessaloniki. There is no foreseeable prospect of services to Armenia, Iraq, Syria, or the Azerbaijan exclave of Nakhchivan.
From Central Europe , getting to Turkey is not too difficult. Pay attention to "TR" not being cancelled and be sure your insurance is valid for the Asian part of Turkey, too.
Otherwise you will have to buy Turkish car insurance separately. In any case, Turkish customs will make an entry into your passport stating when the car and thus you have to leave Turkey again.
A carnet de passage is not necessary unless you intend to move on to Iran , which requires you to have a carnet de passage. National driving licences from some of the European countries are accepted.
If you are not sure about your situation, obtain an international driving licence beforehand. The border with Armenia is closed, thus impassable by car.
There are also other border gates unlisted here , from all the countries Turkey has a common land border with except Armenia , leading to secondary roads passable with a car.
During holidays these border gates may be extremely congested at times. Especially during the summer many Turks who live in Germany drive back home and this creates huge lines at the border.
From Bucharest there is a daily bus to Istanbul at There are also several daily buses from Constanta , Romania and from Sofia , Bulgaria and from there you can get connections to the major cities of Europe.
Another possibility is the bus from Athens in Greece via Thessaloniki. You may also find smaller bus companies offering connections to other countries in the Balkans.
A couple of Turkish bus companies operate buses between Sofia and Istanbul. These buses typically stop at various cities along the way.
There are several border points between Turkey and Georgia , in particular in Batumi and Tbilisi. You may have to change buses at the border. However there are many bus company which travels directly between Istanbul-Batumi and Istanbul-Tbilisi.
The list of companies here is incomplete; there are at least two other Turkish companies running buses from Erbil to cities in Turkey - look around for flyers on Iskan Road in Erbil.
Arrival time depends on border formalities. Make sure you get a clear idea about exchange rates if you want to change Turkish lira or rial as the official bank at the border does not exchange these currencies and you have to deal with the plentiful black market.
They run all year and take vehicles. In bygone years ferries sailed between Istanbul and other Black Sea ports, and elsewhere in the Med, but they no longer do so.
These ships are on cruise itineraries, check with the operator whether a point-to-point journey ending in Istanbul is possible.
Several Greek islands lie close to the Turkish Aegean coast and are linked by hydrofoil fast ferries, and also have westward ferries that ultimately connect to Piraeus the port for Athens.
Buses and minibuses also fan out from the airports to other nearby towns, so you may not need to travel into the city before heading out again.
Turkey has a very good long-distance bus network with air-conditioned buses, reserved seats and generally good-quality service, at least with the major operators.
Standard buses, however, have seats narrower than those of economy class on aircraft. Buses are often crowded and smoking is prohibited. Bus travel is convenient in Turkey.
Go to the Otogar bus station in any of the major cities and you can find a bus to almost any destination departing within half an hour, or a couple of hours at the most.
Buses are staffed by drivers and a number of assistants. The further east you travel, the less frequent buses will be, but even places as far as Dogubeyazit or Van will have regular services to many places hundreds of kilometers away.
Only the smallest towns do not have a bus straight to Istanbul or Izmir at least once every two days. Finding the right bus quickly does require some help and thus some trust, but be careful.
Sometimes there simply is no other bus, but on other occasions you will be sitting there while other buses with the same destination start well ahead.
If you have some time to spare: If you have several operators to choose from, ask for the number of seats in the buses you compare.
Also, the bus company with the largest sign is usually the one with the most buses and routes. If possible, ask other travellers you meet about their experiences with different operators: The other bus will "buy" you, and will bring you to the destination.
Sometimes long-haul bus lines will leave you stranded on some ring-road around a city, rather than bringing you to the center.
That can be annoying. In some cities these service vehicles are used by many companies combined, and a fleet of them, to different parts of the metropolis, will be waiting.
The company may also choose to combine the passengers of multiple buses; meaning that you may have to wait until another bus or two arrives before departing.
Keep your ticket ready as proof you were on a bus though most of these services are run on good faith. In some cities including Ankara, excluding Istanbul , the municipality have prohibited the use of service buses due to their effect on traffic.
In that case, you might have to take a public bus or metro to get to your destination. One should probably avoid using taxis at least departing from the Otogar since they usually tend to abuse their monopolistic position by refusing to go to closer destinations, behaving rudely towards the passenger, charging on the night tariff, etc.
If you have to take a taxi, it is usually suggested that you do it from outside the bus terminal. In general, as a foreigner, you will have the better seat much of the time.
This is particularly true if you travel alone, and want to keep it that way, even though the last row may be reserved for the driver-off-duty, who wants to sleep.
Also keep in mind that the back of the bus may be more noisy compared to the front, since that is where the engine is located. If you have a bicycle it will be transported free of extra charge.
In most buses it fits in the luggage area of the bus. Make sure you have the tools to fold your bike as small as possible height matters most.
This is another alternative, a Hop on hop off travel network that links Istanbul to the most popular tourist destinations in western Turkey, and a few other destinations.
The buses runs hostel to hostel and have an English speaking tour leader on board. The pass can be purchased for a few days or all summer.
Departures are every other day. More expensive than local buses, but could be far less hassle, and offers a different experience.
Mainline train services in Turkey fall into three categories: The trains are inexpensive, but departures are infrequent and trains often sell out. The very fast, modern trains are called YHT: Their major drawback is the lack of YHT or indeed any kind of mainline train service into central Istanbul — you have to take the metro away out to Pendik, then walk or taxi to the YHT station.
Because YHT journey times are short, they only run daytime, and have only snack-catering. Between the cities, YHTs make a few momentary intermediate stops.
The only one likely to be relevant to visitors is Eryaman, as an interchange with the Ankara suburban system. The YHT network is gradually extending, so by trains may again reach central Istanbul.
Other routes under construction are from Ankara towards Kars, from Konya towards Adana, and from Istanbul towards Edirne. The long-term strategy is to create a high-speed, high-capacity passenger and freight route from Edirne on the western border through to Kars in the east.
The main closures and suspensions as at summer are:. The conventional trains are slow and scenic, with the emphasis on slow: They are infrequent, at best daily, sometimes only one or two per week.
How clean and comfortable they are depends on how busy: Always carry your own toilet-roll and hand-wipes. They are difficult for anyone with impaired mobility to use, and station re-building makes access worse.
They are diesel-hauled and run on single track: So they generally start on time but become delayed along the route.
TCDD replacement buses are considered trains, and bookable or not on the same basis. Consult the timetable first, for the latest on timings and disruptions, but beware that timetable and reservations system sometimes give different days of running for some services, for no good reason.
The timetable only lists the main stations, where the train waits for about 10 minutes, and you might just have time to dash to the station kiosk and replenish your food supplies.
The trains also stop momentarily at many little wayside halts, where sometimes food vendors will hop on. Pick your preferred train service and seat or berth, whereupon the system will display the price and give you the choice of immediate purchase, or of holding the option for a few days.
Check their website for other discount offers, but usually these are aimed at commuters and others making multiple repeat journeys.
Tickets can also be bought from the stations either at the counter, or from self-service kiosks , from travel agents, or from PTT post offices.
Advance reservations are strongly recommended during summer, on Fridays and Sundays, and around public holidays and religious festivals.
Of course you may be able to get a reservation for immediate departure, and the non-YHT trains usually have non-bookable seats, and a scrummage on the platform to claim them.
Bear in mind that the main stations may involve a queue for security just to get into the station hall, then another queue for tickets, then a further queue for security and document-check to get onto the platform.
Like all of its neighbours except Cyprus off the southern coast of Turkey , driving is on the right side of the road in Turkey. It is illegal to use a mobile phone while driving.
Maximum permitted amount of alcohol in blood for drivers is 0. A pint of beer enjoyed right before driving might get your license temporarily confiscated in case of police checks.
The use of seat belts both at the front and back line is obligatory, but, although failing to use one carries a penalty, this is not always adhered to by locals, including the drivers themselves.
Turkish signboards are almost identical to the ones used in Europe, and differences are often insignificant. The place names written on green background lead to motorways which you should pay a toll, unless it is a ring road around or within a city ; on blue background means other highways; on white background means rural roads or a road inside a city under the responsibility of city councils ; and on brown background indicates the road leads to a historical place, an antique city, or a place of tourist interest these signboards used to be on yellow background till a few years ago, so still there is a chance of unreplaced yellow signboards existing here and there.
These signboards are sometimes not standardized. Most intercity highways avoid city centres by circling around them. As Turkey uses the metric system , all distances on the signboards are in kilometres, unless otherwise stated such as metres, but never in miles.
There are no fees to use the highways except intercity motorways otoyol. While Turkish highways vary widely in quality and size, the toll motorways have three lanes and are very smooth and fast.
Motorways are explicitly signed with distinct green signs and given road numbers prefixed with the letter O.
The motorway network consists of the routes stretching out to west, south and east from Istanbul towards Edirne , Bursa and Ankara respectively , a network in Central Aegean fanning out of Izmir , and another one connecting the major eastern Mediterranean city of Adana to its neighbouring cities in all cardinal directions.
HGS stickers are easier to use and allow you to install as much liras as you need. To buy an HGS sticker, look for the service buildings at the major toll stations.
They are also available in postoffices. In addition to the distance driven, motorway fees also depend on the type of your vehicle.
Despite bordering countries which have rich oil resources, fossil fuel in Turkey is expensive due to heavy taxes.
For example, a litre of gasoline costs a little less than 5 TL. Diesel and LPG are less damaging to your wallet, but not that drastically.
Petrol stations benzin istasyonu are frequent along highways, most are open round the clock and accept credit cards you have to get out of the car and enter the station building to enter your PIN code if you are using a credit card.
However the rare fuel stations in remote villages often only have diesel, which is used for running agricultural machinery. So keep your gas tank topped up if you are going to stray away from main roads.
Biofuels are not common. What most resembles a biofuel available to a casual driver is sold in some of the stations affiliated with national chain Petrol Ofisi under the name biyobenzin.
Biodiesel is in an experimental stage yet, not available in the market. As of there are very few hybrid and electric vehicles and charging stations, however a sparse network of Tesla superchargers is planned for the west of the country.
And all cities and towns,there are big 3 s plants sales, service, spare parts. These are more corporate than sanayi sitesi these called oto plaza.
You may rent a car to get around Turkey from an international or local car rental agent. The ride may be from the periphery of a major city to the centre or within a city, but may also take three to four hours from one city to the next, when the route is not commercial for large busses.
They sometimes make a detour to bring some old folks home or collect some extra heavy luggage. You will find them in cities as well as in inter-city traffic.
The fare is collected all through the ride. If the driver collects himself, people hand money on from the back rows to the front, getting change back by the same route.
On some stretches tickets are sold in advance, and things can get complicated if some of the passengers bought a ticket and others just sat inside waiting — for maybe half an hour - but without a ticket.
The vehicles are different, they take max. They usually leave when they are full, but sometimes start at fixed hours, whatever the number.
They can cut travel time dramatically. Similar services are operated to connect several parts of Istanbul with the Asian side, or places farther up the Bosporus.
And this type of fast ferry is increasingly seen all over the country wherever there is enough water. There are also ferry connections between Istanbul and Izmir operating only in summer months.
All inhabited Turkish islands have at least one daily cruise to the nearest mainland city or town during summer. But as winter conditions at the seas can go harsh, the frequency of voyages drop significantly due to the bad weather.
Perhaps one of the best cruising grounds in the world, Turkey offers thousands of years of history, culture and civilization set against a stunning mountainous backdrop.
The coastline is a mixture of wide gulfs, peaceful coves, shady beaches, uninhabited islands, small villages and bustling towns.
Many of these locations are still only accessible by boat. Rare in the Mediterranean, one can still find some seclusion on a private charter in Turkey.
In fact, Turkey offers more coastline than any other Mediterranean country. The best way to see Turkey is from your own private yacht on your own schedule.
Turkey offers some of the most exquisite yachts in the world known as gulets. Simply put, long distance cycling is not a very easy task to do in Turkey, mainly for two reasons: That being said, most coastal cities nowadays have cycling lanes of varying shapes and lengths along the shores mainly built for a leisurely ride rather than serious transportation, though and most highways built within the last decade or so have quite wide and well surfaced shoulders, which can double as bicycle lanes.
If you have already made up your mind and give cycling a try in your Turkey trip, always stay as much on the right side of the roads as possible; avoid riding a bicycle out of cities or lightened roads at night, do not be surprised by the drivers horning at you, and do not enter the motorways, it is forbidden.
You could better prefer rural roads with much less traffic density, but then there is the problem of freely roaming sheepdogs, which can sometimes be quite dangerous.
Rural roads also have much much less signboards than the highways, which turns them into a labyrinth, in which it is easy to get lost even for non-local Turkish people, without a detailed map.
Air can be pumped into tyres at any petrol station without a charge. Bicycle repair-shops are rare in cities and often in hard-to-locate places; motorcycle repair shops can be tried alternatively however, they are very reluctant to repair a bicycle if they are busy with their customers who have motorcycles.
On these islands well-paved roads are shared only by horse-drawn carriages, bicycles and public service vehicles like ambulances, police vans, school buses, garbage trucks.
In addition to the thumb, having a signboard with the destination name certainly helps. Best hitchhiking spots are the crossroads with traffic lights, where ring-roads around a city and the road coming from the city center intersect.
Although the drivers are taking you just to have a word or two during their long, alone journey, always watch out and avoid sleeping.
You may have to change several cars even on a km course, changing in each town after town. However, because of the enormous numbers of trucks carrying goods for foreign markets, you could possibly find unexpected long-haul trips.
Refuse and tell them that if you had money to waste, you would be on a bus, and not standing on the side of the road. Trail blazing is on the rise in Turkey lately and nowadays all Turkish regions have waymarked hiking trails of various lengths and shapes.
Most of them follow a theme, such as connecting to the sites of an ancient civilization, retracing the footsteps of a historical figure or chasing the treats of a specific regional cuisine.
The oldest, and the most popular trail is the Lycian Way , which snakes its way over the mountains backing the Turquoise Coast in the southwest.
The website of the Culture Routes Society maintains an up-to-date list of the major hiking trails in the country. Guided tours, often involving hiking the most scenic sections and homestays in the villages, along some of these trails are offered by local travel agencies as well as those based in major cities.
Inside the cities, there are white-, or rarely yellow-painted pedestrian crossings zebra crossing on the main streets and avenues, which are normally pedestrian-priority spots.
However, for many drivers, they are nothing more than ornamental drawings on the road pavements, so it is better to cross the streets at where traffic lights are.
Still, be sure all the cars stopped, because it is not unusual to see the drivers still not stopping in the first few seconds after the light turns to red for vehicles.
As a better option, on wide streets, there are also pedestrian overpasses and underground pedestrian passages available.
In narrow main streets during rush hour, you can cross the street anywhere and anytime, since cars will be in a stop-go-stop-go manner because of heavy traffic.
Also in narrow streets inside the residential hoods, you need not to worry about keeping on the sidewalk, you can walk well in the middle of the road, only to step aside when a car is coming.
The sole official language of Turkey is Turkish. Turkish is a Turkic language and its closest living relatives are other Turkic languages, which are spoken in southwestern, central and northern Asia; and to a lesser degree by significant communities in the Balkans.
Because Turkish is an agglutinative language, native speakers of non-agglutinative languages, such as Indo-European languages, generally find it difficult to learn.
Several other languages exist, like Laz in the North-East also spoken in adjacent Georgia , and in general people living near borders will often be speaking the language at the other side too, like Arabic in the South-East.
Thanks to migration, even in rural areas most villages will have at least somebody who has worked in Germany and can thus speak German. Recent immigration from Balkans means there is also a possibility to come across native Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, and Albanian speakers mainly in big cities of western Turkey.
English is also increasingly popular among the younger generation. The "universities" that train pupils for a job in tourism pour out thousands of youngsters who want to practice their knowledge on the tourist, with varying degrees of fluency.
Language universities produce students that nowadays are pretty good at their chosen language. As a general rule, most museums and sites of ancient cities in Turkey are closed on Mondays, although there are numerous exceptions to this.
At the crossroads of civilizations, all parts of Turkey are full of a mindblowing number of ancient ruins. Ancient Greeks and closely following Romans left their mark mostly in Aegean and Mediterranean Regions , leaving behind the marble ruins of hundreds of cities, temples, and monuments.
In the meantime, some other indigenous peoples, such as Lycians , were carving beautiful tombs —many of which are fairly well preserved and can be seen all around Lycia —for their dearly departed ones onto the rocky hillsides.
Legendary Troy stands out as an example of different civilizations literally living on the top of each other. While what is visible today is clearly Hellenistic, the place has its roots as Hittite Wilusa , and later re-built many times over by Ancient Greeks.
Perhaps the most unique "architectural" heritage in the country, some of the Cappadocian cave houses and churches carved into "fairy chimneys" and underground cities in a literal sense!
Successors of Romans, the Byzantines , broke new ground with more ambitious projects, culminating in grand Hagia Sophia of Istanbul , built in , and which had the distinction of being the largest cathedral in the world for almost a thousand years.
While a stray monastery or two dating back to the era can be found in almost any part of the country, most of the Byzantine heritage intact today is found in the Marmara Region , especially in Istanbul, and in the area around Trabzon in the far northeast , which was the domain of the Empire of Trebizond, a rump Byzantine state that survived the Fall of Constantinople for about a decade.
Seljuks , the first ever Turkic state to be founded in Asia Minor, built most of their monuments—which incorporates large majestic portals and heavily delicate stonework, reminiscent of some landmarks in parts of Asia —in major centres of the time in Eastern and Central Anatolia , especially in Konya , their capital.
Most of the earlier Ottoman monuments were built in Bursa , which have little Byzantine and comperatively large Seljuk influences, and later, when the dynasty moved to Europe, in Edirne , some of the major landmarks of which exhibit some kind of "transitional" and fairly experimental style.
However, the Ottoman imperial architecture possibly reached its zenith not in Istanbul, but in Edirne—in the form of Selimiye Mosque , a work of Sinan , the great Ottoman architecture of 16th century.
As the landscapes change the more east you go, so does the architectural heritage. The remote valleys and hilltops of Eastern Karadeniz and Eastern Anatolia are dotted with numerous medieval Georgian and Armenian churches and castles —some of which are nicely well preserved but not all were that lucky.
For a change, Southeastern Anatolia features more Middle East -influenced architecture , with arched courtyards and heavy usage of yellow stones with highly exquisite masonry.
Being on the crossroads of civilizations more often than not also means being the battleground of civilizations. Most of the castles built during different stages of history are today main attractions of the towns they are standing on.
Due to the pressure caused by high rates of immigration from rural to urban areas, many historical neighbourhoods in cities were knocked down in favour of soulless and usually, drab ugly apartment blocks, and outskirts of major cities transformed to shantytowns.
There is not really much of a gem in the name of modern architecture in Turkey. Steel-and-glass skyscrapers , on the other hand, are now slowly and sparsely being erected in major cities, one example where they concentrate much as to form a skyline view being the business district of Istanbul, although hardly impressive compared with major metropolises around the world known for their skyscraper filled skylines.
While Turkey is rightly renowned for its warm Mediterranean beaches, wintersports , especially skiing, is very much a possibility—and indeed a popular activity—in the mountainous interior of the country between October and April, with a guaranteed stable snowcover and constant below freezing temperatures between December and March.
Some more eastern resorts have longer periods of snowcover. Current rates for these and other currencies are available from XE. Wikivoyage articles will use TL to denote the currency.
In , Turkey dropped six zeroes from its currency, thus making each post lira worth one million pre lira or so called "old lira".
During the transition period between and , the currency was briefly called new lira yeni lira. The new Turkish lira symbol, , was created by the Central Bank in after a country-wide contest.
Banknotes are in 5, 10, 20, 50, and TL denominations. There are legal exchange offices in all cities and almost any town.
Banks also exchange money, but they are not worth the hassle as they are usually crowded and do not give better rates than exchange offices.
You can see the rates an office offers on the usually electronic boards located somewhere near its gate. Euros and US dollars are the most useful currencies, but pounds sterling Bank of England notes only, not Scottish or Northern Irish notes , Swiss francs, Japanese yen, Saudi riyals, and a number of other currencies are also not very hard to exchange.
It is important to remember that most exchangers accept only banknotes, it can be very hard to exchange foreign coins. Tourism-oriented industries in tourism-oriented towns, as well as shops where big amounts of money change hands, like supermarkets, in most parts of the country, generally accept foreign currency usually limited to Euro and American dollars only , but the rates they accept the currency are usually a little lower than those of exchange offices.
Ask first if they accept foreign currency. Visa and MasterCard are widely accepted, American Express much less so.
All credit card users have to enter their PIN codes when using their cards.